How might sensory processing differences cause classic ASD symptoms?

Here's a more visual summary of what I've been saying in the last few posts...Notice the emphasis on "in real time." Sensory processing problems affect what inferences one can draw in real time, but do not impair one's ability to think about the same topic later. Thus, sensory processing problems would explain what's going on with capable people like Adam.

Edit: the page formatting seems to be cutting off part of one of the boxes on the right. It says: "difficulty accessing and using any info from context in real time (caetextia)."